Through a cooperative federal-state program, the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service (FASS) gathers agricultural data and compiles current statistics. This service is provided in cooperation with the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). FASS provides producers of agricultural commodities with unbiased and reliable information to assist them in making production and marketing decisions. According to the most recent figures available: Florida has 47,500 commercial farms, using a total of 9.25 million acres; Florida ranks second in the value of vegetable production; first in production value for oranges, grapefruit, fresh snap beans, sweet corn, watermelons, fresh cucumbers, fresh market tomatoes, squash and sugarcane; second in the production of greenhouse and nursery products, bell peppers, strawberries, and tangerines; 12th in beef cows; and accounts for 65 percent of total U.S. citrus production. Florida ranks seventh in agricultural exports with $4 billion.
Total U.S. Value of Florida Products - 2011 Cash Receipts
|Product||Percent of U.S. Value||Value in Dollars|
|Grapefruit||66 percent||$178 million|
|Oranges||70 percent||$1.5 billion|
|Sugarcane for sugar and seed||44 percent||$509 million|
|Bell Peppers||36 percent||$248 million|
|Fresh Market Tomatoes||25 percent||$565 million|
|Snap Beans||29 percent||$134 million|
|Squash||33 percent||$95 million|
|Sweet Corn||23 percent||$174 million|
|Fresh Market Cucumbers||25 percent||$90 million|
|Watermelons||21 percent||$112 million|
|Tangerines||25 percent||$62 million|
Farms and Land in Farms
In 2011 Florida had 47,500 commercial farms, using a total of 9.25 million acres. There were 5,500 farms with sales exceeding $100,000. The average farm size was 195 acres. The number of farms in Florida has increased by 3,500 over the past 10 years.
|Year||Total Number of Farms||Total Acres||Average Farm Size|
In 2011 Florida ranked second in the nation in the value of vegetable production, with cash receipts of $1.93 billion. Florida ranked ninth in all crops with cash receipts of $6.8 billion, and 17th in total cash receipts. Florida ranked first in cash receipts for oranges, grapefruit, snap beans (fresh market), sweet corn, watermelons, cucumbers (fresh market), squash and sugarcane.
|Commodity||2011 Receipts||Percent of Total|
|Other Fruits and Nuts||$491,300||5.96|
|Vegetables and Melons||$1,925,021||23.30|
|Other Crops and Products||$566,711||6.83|
|Cattle and Calves||$487,618||5.90|
|Poultry and Eggs||$362,802||4.39|
In 2011 Florida ranked second in the nation in the production of greenhouse and nursery products, with cash receipts totaling over $1.79 billion. In 2012, the wholesale value of Florida floriculture was over $812 million.
Vegetables, Melons and Berries
The 2012 value of production for the seven major vegetable crops, potatoes, berries and watermelons totaled $1.41 billion, down 19 percent from 2011. Cucumbers, snap beans, watermelons, and sweet corn showed increases in value from the previous season, while strawberries, tomatoes, cabbage, bell peppers, squash and blueberries showed declines.
2012 harvested acreage of the seven major vegetable crops, potatoes, berries and watermelons totaled 242,800 acres, up from 232,700 acres in the 2011 season.
Florida’s leading crops arranged from highest value to lowest are: (1) tomatoes, (2) peppers, (3) strawberries, (4) sweet corn, (5) snap beans, (6) watermelons, (7) cucumbers, (8) squash, (9) blueberries and (10) cabbage.
In 2011-2012 Florida accounted for 65 percent of total U.S. citrus production, California produced 32 percent, and Texas and Arizona produced the remaining 3 percent. U.S. citrus production for the 2011-2012 season totaled 11.7 million tons, down slightly from the previous season. Polk County continues to lead with the most citrus acreage at 82,572 followed by DeSoto, Hendry and Highlands having over 61,000 acres each.
Florida Citrus Production
|Citrus Crop Year||Sales On-Tree Value|
Despite an increase in forest fragmentation due to urban sprawl and land-use conversion, timber remains a major part of Florida’s economy. In 2011 Florida timberlands totaled 16 million acres and supported nearly 76,000 full- and part-time jobs. Growing stock harvested volume (trees larger than 5 inches in diameter at breast height and of a commercially valuable species) increased from 492 to 510 million cubic feet between 2010 and 2011.
The 2012 total value of production for corn, cotton and cottonseed, hay, peanuts, pecans, soybeans and wheat totaled $491 million compared with $396 million in 2011, a 24 percent increase. Acreage harvested in 2012 for corn, cotton, hay, peanuts, soybeans and wheat totaled 702 thousand acres, up 19 percent from the 592 thousand acres harvested in 2011. Sugarcane represented Florida’s largest field crop in 2011 and is ranked number one in the production value of sugarcane nationwide. The production value of the 2011 crop was $673.3 million, up 37 percent from 2010.
As of January 1, 2013 all cattle and calves, including dairy cattle, on Florida farms and ranches totaled 1.66 million head, down 50,000 from the previous year. Nationally, Florida ranked 12th in beef cows and 17th in total cattle. The average annual beef price of cattle marketed in Florida in 2012 was $104 per hundredweight, up from $88.70 per hundredweight in 2011. In 2012 Florida dairies produced 2.34 billion pounds of milk. That same year, the total value of Florida poultry and egg production was $362 million, and the average market price for hogs was $64 per hundredweight.
Florida County Value of Agricultural Products Sold in 2007
This information is provided by USDA Ag Census every five years. The next update will be in 2014. Sales for the following counties cannot be disclosed due to a confidentiality requirement: Baker, Clay, Columbia, Duval, Okaloosa, and Union.
|Palm Beach||$932 million|
|St. Lucie||$144 million|
|Indian River||$136 million|
|St. Johns||$53 million|
|Santa Rosa||$21 million|
|Franklin||Less than $1 million|
Florida Phosphate Facts
Florida is the world leader in phosphate rock production, annually producing 65 percent of the U.S. supply and 10 percent of the world supply. Of all the phosphate in commercial production: 90 percent is used for fertilizer for the production of food and fiber; 5 percent is used for livestock feed supplements; 5 percent is used for vitamins, soft drinks, toothpaste, film, light bulbs, bone china, flame-resistant fabrics, and optical glass.
In 2012, Florida ranked seventh among the states in the United States with agricultural exports topping $4.0 billion, according to Euromonitor International.
Top Five Florida Agricultural Exports - 2012
|Commodity Group||Export Value in Dollars|
|Meats, Fresh and Frozen||$594,760,211|
|Fruit, Vegetables, Juices||$504,115,122|
|Edible Fruits, Nut||$421,383,285|
Florida's Agricultural Importers - 2012
- FDACS-P-01304 Florida Agriculture by the Numbers 2013 - Statistical Directory [ ]
- FDACS-P-00054 Florida Agriculture by the Numbers 2012 - Summary Brochure [ ]
- Major Shipping Routes of Florida Products [ ]
- Florida Agricultural Statistics Service
- UF-IFAS Report on Economic Contributions of Florida Agriculture by County 2010 [ ]
- UF-IFAS Report on Economic Contributions of Florida Agriculture 2010
- UF-IFAS Report on Economic Contributions of Florida Agriculture 2009
- UF-IFAS Report on Economic Contributions of Florida Agriculture 2008
- UF-IFAS Report on Economic Contributions of Florida Agriculture 2007
- UF-IFAS Agricultural Census Tidbits Series 2007
- USDA Census of Agriculture