Florida Agriculture Overview and Statistics

Through a cooperative federal-state program, the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service (FASS) gathers agricultural data and compiles current statistics. This service is provided in cooperation with the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). FASS provides producers of agricultural commodities with unbiased and reliable information to assist them in making production and marketing decisions. According to the most recent figures available: Florida has 47,500 commercial farms, using a total of 9.25 million acres; Florida ranks second in the value of vegetable production; first in production value for oranges, grapefruit, fresh snap beans, sweet corn, watermelons, fresh cucumbers, fresh market tomatoes, squash and sugarcane; second in the production of greenhouse and nursery products, bell peppers, strawberries, and tangerines; 12th in beef cows; and accounts for 65 percent of total U.S. citrus production.  Florida ranks seventh in agricultural exports with $4 billion.

Total U.S. Value of Florida Products - 2011 Cash Receipts
 Product  Percent of U.S. Value Value in Dollars 
Grapefruit 66 percent $178 million
Oranges 70 percent $1.5 billion
Sugarcane for sugar and seed 44 percent $509 million
Bell Peppers 36 percent $248 million
Fresh Market Tomatoes 25 percent $565 million
Snap Beans 29 percent $134 million
Squash 33 percent $95 million
Sweet Corn 23 percent $174 million
Fresh Market Cucumbers 25 percent $90 million
Watermelons 21 percent $112 million
Tangerines 25 percent $62 million
Farms and Land in Farms

In 2011 Florida had 47,500 commercial farms, using a total of 9.25 million acres. There were 5,500 farms with sales exceeding $100,000. The average farm size was 195 acres. The number of farms in Florida has increased by 3,500 over the past 10 years.

 Year  Total Number of Farms  Total Acres  Average Farm Size
2012 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2011 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2010 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2009 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2008 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2007 47,500 9,300,000 196 acres
2006 41,000 9,460,000 231 acres
2005 42,000 9,570,000 228 acres
2004 43,200 9,830,000 228 acres
2003 44,000 10,040,000 228 acres
2002 44,000 10,300,000 234.1 acres
Cash Receipts

In 2011 Florida ranked second in the nation in the value of vegetable production, with cash receipts of $1.93 billion. Florida ranked ninth in all crops with cash receipts of $6.8 billion, and 17th in total cash receipts. Florida ranked first in cash receipts for oranges, grapefruit, snap beans (fresh market), sweet corn, watermelons, cucumbers (fresh market), squash and sugarcane.

Commodity 2011 Receipts Percent of Total 
All Commodities $8,262,486 100
Citrus $1,728,252 20.91
Other Fruits and Nuts $491,300 5.96 
Vegetables and Melons $1,925,021  23.30 
Field Crops $264,008  3.20 
Greenhouse/nursery $1,789,183 21.68
Other Crops and Products $566,711  6.83 
Milk $545,383  6.60 
Cattle and Calves $487,618  5.90 
Poultry and Eggs $362,802  4.39 
Aquaculture $53,190  0.64 
Miscellaneous Livestock $27,080  0.33 
Horticulture

In 2011 Florida ranked second in the nation in the production of greenhouse and nursery products, with cash receipts totaling over $1.79 billion. In 2012, the wholesale value of Florida floriculture was over $812 million.   

Vegetables, Melons and Berries

The 2012 value of production for the seven major vegetable crops, potatoes, berries and watermelons totaled $1.41 billion, down 19 percent from 2011. Cucumbers, snap beans, watermelons, and sweet corn showed increases in value from the previous season, while strawberries, tomatoes, cabbage, bell peppers, squash and blueberries showed declines.

2012 harvested acreage of the seven major vegetable crops, potatoes, berries and watermelons totaled 242,800 acres, up from 232,700 acres in the 2011 season.

Florida’s leading crops arranged from highest value to lowest are: (1) tomatoes, (2) peppers, (3) strawberries, (4) sweet corn, (5) snap beans, (6) watermelons, (7) cucumbers, (8) squash, (9) blueberries and (10) cabbage. 

Citrus

In 2011-2012 Florida accounted for 65 percent of total U.S. citrus production, California produced 32 percent, and Texas and Arizona produced the remaining 3 percent. U.S. citrus production for the 2011-2012 season totaled 11.7 million tons, down slightly from the previous season. Polk County continues to lead with the most citrus acreage at 82,572 followed by DeSoto, Hendry and Highlands having over 61,000 acres each.

Florida Citrus Production
 Citrus Crop Year  Sales On-Tree Value
2011-2012 $1,351,846
2010-2011 $1,368,626
2009-2010 $1,131,107 
2008-2009 $1,046,735 
2007-2008 $1,283,994 
2006-2007 $1,499,112
2005-2006 $1,024,610
2004-2005 $754,169
2003-2004 $891,500
2002-2003 $787,378
Forestry

Despite an increase in forest fragmentation due to urban sprawl and land-use conversion, timber remains a major part of Florida’s economy. In 2011 Florida timberlands totaled 16 million acres and supported nearly 76,000 full- and part-time jobs. Growing stock harvested volume (trees larger than 5 inches in diameter at breast height and of a commercially valuable species) increased from 492 to 510 million cubic feet between 2010 and 2011.

Field Crops

The 2012 total value of production for corn, cotton and cottonseed, hay, peanuts, pecans, soybeans and wheat totaled $491 million compared with $396 million in 2011, a 24 percent increase. Acreage harvested in 2012 for corn, cotton, hay, peanuts, soybeans and wheat totaled 702 thousand acres, up 19 percent from the 592 thousand acres harvested in 2011. Sugarcane represented Florida’s largest   field crop in 2011 and is ranked number one in the production value of sugarcane nationwide. The production value of the 2011 crop was $673.3 million, up 37 percent from 2010.

Livestock

As of January 1, 2013 all cattle and calves, including dairy cattle, on Florida farms and ranches totaled 1.66 million head, down 50,000 from the previous year. Nationally, Florida ranked 12th in beef cows and 17th in total cattle. The average annual beef price of cattle marketed in Florida in 2012 was $104 per hundredweight, up from $88.70 per hundredweight in 2011. In 2012 Florida dairies produced 2.34 billion pounds of milk. That same year, the total value of Florida poultry and egg production was $362 million, and the average market price for hogs was $64 per hundredweight.

Florida County Value of Agricultural Products Sold in 2007

This information is provided by USDA Ag Census every five years. The next update will be in 2014. Sales for the following counties cannot be disclosed due to a confidentiality requirement: Baker, Clay, Columbia, Duval, Okaloosa, and Union.

County Total
Palm Beach $932 million
Miami-Dade $661 million
Hillsborough $488 million
Hendry $567 million
Polk $399 million
Highlands $326 million
Manatee $312 million
Collier $279 million
Orange $270 million
Hardee $232 million
DeSoto $220 million
Suwannee $198 million
Lake $189 million
Okeechobee $178 million
Marion $174 million
Martin $159 million
St. Lucie $144 million
Lafayette $139 million
Indian River $136 million
Volusia $126 million
Lee $116 million
Pasco $111 million
Gadsden $96 million
Alachua $92 million
Osceola $91 million
Glades $85 million
Gilchrist $77 million
Levy $76 million
Jackson $70 million
Charlotte $66 million
St. Johns $53 million
Broward $50 million
Brevard $47 million
Madison $43 million
Putnam $38 million
Hernando $36 million
Flagler $35 million
Escambia $32 million
Sarasota $31 million
Sumter $29 million
Walton $26 million
Holmes $24 million
Jefferson $22 million
Santa Rosa $21 million
Seminole $21 million
Calhoun $16 million
Bradford $14 million
Hamilton $14 million
Citrus $14 million
Dixie $8 million
Nassau $8 million
Washington $6 million
Bay $5 million
Leon $4 million
Taylor $4 million
Monroe $2 million
Pinellas $2 million
Wakulla $2 million
Liberty $1 million
Franklin Less than $1 million
Florida Phosphate Facts

Florida is the world leader in phosphate rock production, annually producing 65 percent of the U.S. supply and 10 percent of the world supply. Of all the phosphate in commercial production: 90 percent is used for fertilizer for the production of food and fiber; 5 percent is used for livestock feed supplements; 5 percent is used for vitamins, soft drinks, toothpaste, film, light bulbs, bone china, flame-resistant fabrics, and optical glass.

Exports

In 2012, Florida ranked seventh among the states in the United States with agricultural exports topping $4.0 billion, according to Euromonitor International.

Map of the world with major shipping routes of Florida products marked

Top Five Florida Agricultural Exports - 2012
Commodity Group Export Value in Dollars
Meats, Fresh and Frozen  $594,760,211 
Fruit, Vegetables, Juices $504,115,122 
Edible Fruits, Nut $421,383,285 
Edible Vegetables $271,593,381 
Fish, Crustaceans $255,806,854 
Florida's Agricultural Importers - 2012
Country Total
Canada $962,694,536 
Netherlands $251,922,548 
Bahamas $189,784,295
Dominican Republic $180,337,993
Panama $168,422,502

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