Florida Agriculture Overview and Statistics

Through a cooperative federal-state program, the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service (FASS) gathers agricultural data and compiles current statistics. This service is provided in cooperation with the USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) and the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS). FASS provides producers of agricultural commodities with unbiased and reliable information to assist them in making production and marketing decisions. In 2013 Florida had 48,000 commercial farms, using a total of 9.55 million acres; Florida ranked second in the U.S. for value of vegetable production; first in production value for oranges, fresh market tomatoes, watermelons, grapefruit, fresh market snap beans, fresh market cucumbers and squash; second in the production of greenhouse and nursery products, bell peppers, strawberries, fresh market sweet corn, spring potatoes, tangerines and avocados; 12th in beef cows; and accounts for 63 percent of total U.S. citrus production. Florida ranks eighth in agricultural exports with over $4 billion.

Total U.S. Value of Florida Products - 2012 Cash Receipts
 Product  Percent of U.S. Value Value in Dollars 
Grapefruit 62 percent $143 million
Oranges 54 percent $1 billion
Sugarcane for sugar and seed 50 percent $677 million
Bell Peppers 24 percent $141 million
Fresh Market Tomatoes 41 percent $456 million
Snap Beans 51 percent $138 million
Squash 31 percent $70 million
Sweet Corn 19 percent $152 million
Fresh Market Cucumbers 37 percent $157 million
Watermelons 30 percent $157 million
Tangerines 10 percent $57 million
Farms and Land in Farms

In 2013 Florida had 48,000 commercial farms, using a total of 9.55 million acres. There were 6,800 farms with sales exceeding $100,000. The average farm size was 199 acres. Florida ranks 18th among all states in number of farms and 28th in land in farms. 

 Year  Total Number of Farms  Total Acres  Average Farm Size
2013 48,000 9,550,000 199 acres
2012 47,700 9,550,000 200 acres
2011 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2010 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2009 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2008 47,500 9,250,000 195 acres
2007 47,500 9,300,000 196 acres
2006 41,000 9,460,000 231 acres
2005 42,000 9,570,000 228 acres
2004 43,200 9,830,000 228 acres
2003 44,000 10,040,000 228 acres
2002 44,000 10,300,000 234.1 acres
Cash Receipts

Farm cash receipts from marketing Florida agricultural products in 2012 amounted to $8.22 billion, a slight decrease from 2011. Nationally, Florida ranks second in the value of vegetable and melon cash receipts with a value of $1.42 billion, 13th in crop cash receipts with a value of $6.38 billion and 10th in total cash receipts. 

Commodity 2012 Receipts Percent of Total 
All Commodities $8,225,223,000 100
Citrus $1,803,367,000 21.9
Other Fruits and Nuts $332,350,000 4.1
Vegetables and Melons $1,415,929,000 17.2
Field Crops $403,174,000 4.9
Greenhouse/nursery $1,623,922,000 19.7
Other Crops and Products $126,175,000 1.5
Milk $520,482,000 6.3
Cattle and Calves $634,746,000 7.7
Poultry and Eggs $365,741,000 4.4
Cane for Sugar/Seed $677,290,000 8.2
Other Livestock $296,778,000 3.6
Horticulture

In 2012 Florida ranked second in the nation in the production of greenhouse and nursery products, with cash receipts totaling over $1.62 billion. In 2012, the wholesale value of Florida floriculture was over $896 million.   

Vegetables, Melons and Berries

The 2013 value of production for the seven major vegetable crops, potatoes, berries and watermelons totaled $1.88 billion, up 18 percent from 2012. The ranking from the highest to lowest value of the berry, Irish potato, vegetables and watermelon crops are: 1. Tomatoes, 2. Strawberries, 3. Bell peppers, 4. Watermelons, 5. Snap beans, 6. Sweet corn, 7. Irish potatoes, 8. Squash, 9. Blueberries, 10. Cucumbers and 11. Cabbage. Crops that increased in percentage and value increase were: tomatoes (70%), watermelons (40%), strawberries (33%), blueberries (23%), cabbage (22%), squash (13%), cucumbers (13%) and snap beans (7%). Crops that decreased in value and percentage included bell peppers (-1%), sweet corn (-8%) and Irish potatoes (-33%) 

Citrus

Florida accounted for 63 percent of the total U.S. citrus production with 156.2 million boxes of citrus in the 2012-2013 season, California totaled 34 percent , and Texas and Arizona combined for 3 percent. Florida’s all orange production decreased 9 percent to 133.6 million boxes. All grapefruit production is down nearly 3 percent to 18.4 million boxes. Production of honey tangerines is down 30 percent and early tangerines were down 18 percent, resulting in a 24 percent decrease in all tangerines. Tangelo production was down 13 percent. 

Florida Citrus Production
 Citrus Crop Year  Sales On-Tree Value
2012-2013 $1,116,444,000
2011-2012 $1,640,423,000
2010-2011 $1,368,626,000
2009-2010 $1,131,107,000
2008-2009 $1,046,735,000
2007-2008 $1,283,994,000
2006-2007 $1,499,112,000
2005-2006 $1,024,610,000
2004-2005 $754,169,000
2003-2004 $891,500,000
Forestry

As of 2013, Florida timberland ownership, which supports the forest products industry, was 71% private, 18% state and local, and 11% federal. Florida’s 15.4 million acres of timberlands supported economic activities that generated $14.52 billion in total output impacts in 2013.

Total other property income impacts, such as interests, rents, royalties and dividends were $1.25 billion, in 2013, with the largest share generated by pulp and paper manufacturing at $1.05 billion. Forest tract management and logging activities generated $67 million, the secondary forest products sectors $78 million, while lumber, veneer and panels manufacturing generated $57 million. 

Field Crops

The 2013 total value of production of corn, cotton, cottonseed, hay, peanuts, soybeans and wheat totaled $390 million, a decrease of 17% from the previous year’s total of $471 million. The total value of corn production was valued at $46.1 million, a 37 percent increase. The value of soybean production, valued at $14.6 million, increase 34 percent. The value of production, valued at $125 million, decreased 41 percent. The hay value of production, valued at $110 million, decreased 10 percent. 

Livestock

All cattle and calves on Florida farms and ranches as of January 1, 2014, including dairy cattle, totaled 1,620,000 head, down 40,000 from 2013. The three top-ranking counties for cattle were Okeechobee, Highlands and Osceola. Beef cows in Florida were 877,000 head, down 31,000 head from 2013. Nationally, Florida ranked 12th in beef cows and 18th in total cattle. Calves born during 2013 totaled 830,000 head, down 30,000 head from 2012. 

Florida County Value of Agricultural Products Sold in 2012

This information is provided by USDA Ag Census every five years. The next update will be in 2019. Sales for the following counties cannot be disclosed due to a confidentiality requirement: Baker, Clay, Columbia, Duval, Okaloosa and Union.

County Total
Palm Beach $999 million
Miami-Dade $604 million
Hendry $499 million
Hillsborough $378 million
Polk $350 million
Manatee $298 million
Suwannee $296 million
Highlands $273 million
Okeechobee $257 million
Orange $262 million
Collier $203 million
Hardee $218 million
DeSoto $198 million
Marion $188 million
St. Lucie $168 million
Martin $165 million
Indian River $145 million
Lake $142 million
Volusia $111 million
Osceola $109 million
Glades $107 million
Lee $106 million
Charlotte $103 million
Alachua $101 million
Jackson $93 million
Gilchrist $89 million
Lafayette $88 million
Levy $80 million
Pasco $74 million
St. Johns $70 million
Santa Rosa $63 million
Gadsden $54 million
Madison $52 million
Jefferson $48 million
Broward $47 million
Brevard $46 million
Hamilton $45 million
Putnam $44 million
Escambia $43 million
Sumter $42 million
Walton $29 million
Holmes $29 million
Hernando $28 million
Seminole $27 million
Sarasota $25 million
Calhoun $20 million
Dixie $19 million
Flagler $17 million
Citrus $14 million
Washington $14 million
Bradford $13 million
Monroe $11 million
Nassau $6 million
Taylor $6 million
Leon $4 million
Bay $3 million
Pinellas $3 million
Wakulla $2 million
Liberty $2 million
Franklin Less than $1 million
Exports

In 2014, Florida ranked eighth among the states in the United States with agricultural exports topping $4.0 billion, according to U.S. Census Bureau.

Map of the world with major shipping routes of Florida products marked

Top Five Florida Agricultural Exports - 2013
Commodity Group Export Value in Dollars
Meats, Fresh and Frozen  $598,481,174
Fruit, Vegetables, Juices $436,449,017
Edible Fruits, Nut $413,889,996
Edible Vegetables $446,647,653
Fish, Crustaceans $311,785,290
Florida's Agricultural Importers - 2013
Country Total
Canada $917,131,474
Netherlands $194,800,518
Bahamas $200,148,105
Dominican Republic $187,828,509
Panama $185,374,037

 Print Resources

Related Topics

Related Links