Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services

Florida’s Endangered Plants

Florida’s native flora includes all plant species native to Florida. A native plant is defined as a plant species that is presumed to have been present in Florida before Europeans arrived. Through regulation by the Division of Plant Industry, Florida protects those plant species native to the state that are endangered, threatened, or commercially exploited. The state also encourages the propagation of endangered species and provides means to legally collect these species for propagation. Harvesting from the wild requires a permit from the division.

A permit helps to limit overharvesting of regulated plant populations. See Native Plant Harvesting Permit page for information.

Some definitions:

  • “Endangered plants” means species of plants native to Florida that are in imminent danger of extinction within the state, the survival of which is unlikely if the causes of a decline in the number of plants continue, and includes all species listed as endangered or threatened by the state of Florida Rule 5B-40 or endangered or threatened by the federal Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended.
  • “Threatened plants” means species native to the state that are in rapid decline in the number of plants within the state, but which have not decreased so much as to cause them to be endangered.
  • “Commercially exploited plants” means species native to the state that are subject to being removed in significant numbers from native habitats in the state and sold or transported for sale.
  • “Florida Regulated Plant Index” includes all plants listed on the Endangered Plant List, the Threatened Plant List, and the Commercially Exploited Plant List. These plants are referred to as regulated, and together, these lists are known as the Florida Regulated Plant Index.
Florida's Protected Plants 

The list of Florida’s native plants that are most in need of conservation efforts includes 441 endangered, 118 threatened and eight commercially exploited species. Forty-nine of these species are on the federal list of endangered plant species and 11 are on the federal list of threatened species. The Florida Endangered Plant Advisory Council (EPAC) reviews these lists each year to make needed changesSee or download the most recent Florida Regulated Plant Index spreadsheet.

Download the 2010  Notes on Florida's Endangered & Threatened Plants [ Adobe PDF Document ]

Florida Endangered Plant Advisory Council (EPAC) 

Learn more about how species are added to the Florida Regulated Plant Index.

Photo Gallery  

See photos of Plants on the Federal Endangered Species List found in Florida.

FAQ/More Information/Useful Links
How are species added to the Florida Regulated Plant Index?

Rule 5B-40 Current Florida Rule

Information is collected systematically about species thought to be in need of protection. 

See an example of the Ranking System for Plant Species of Potential Special Concern  FDACS-08422 [ Adobe PDF Document ].

Where are species on the Florida Regulated Plant Index geographically located? 

Other websites maintain information about distributions of plant species, including regulated plants:

Where can I get more information about Florida's Protected Plants?